Dr Chandril Chugh

Dr Chandril Chugh

MBBS ( Delhi), MD, DM(ABPN), Neurosurgenology, FAHA, FACP, FINR, FNCC

Get Consultation From the Best Pediatric Neurologist In Patna For Autism Spectrum Disorder and How to Get Help - Autism Treatment Center

    Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

    Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a wide range of people with difficulties in social skills, repetitive behaviors, language, and nonverbal communication. According to the Centres for Disease Control, autism is estimated to affect 1 in 36 children in the United States today.

    Even though ASD can be a lifelong disease, some programs and treatments can help with symptoms and daily functioning. The American Academy of Paediatrics advises screening all children for autism spectrum disorders. Parents should discuss screening or testing for ASD with their child’s doctor.

    Autism, Asperger syndrome, childhood autism spectrum disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder of unknown characteristics are all disorders previously thought to be condition-specific compounds of autism spectrum disorder.

    Early autism spectrum disorders ultimately lead to social, academic, and occupational social functioning issues. Autism symptoms are typically seen in youngsters during their first year. A small percentage of children appear to develop normally in the first year. Still, between 18 and 24 months, when they begin to show signs of autism, they undergo a period of regression.

    autism spectrum disorder
    autism treatment center

    Signs and symptoms of ASD

    Early-infancy symptoms of autism spectrum disorder include:

    • Limited eye contact.
    • A lack of responsiveness to their name.
    • A lack of interest in carers.

    Other children may develop normally for the first few months or years of life but then suddenly become introverted, hostile, or lose their acquired language skills. Symptoms usually appear by age two.

    The following list provides some illustrations of typical behavior patterns in ASD diagnoses. Although not all ASD sufferers will exhibit all of the behaviors described below, the majority will.

    • Social contact and communication behaviors can include:
    • minimal or erratic eye contact
    • They don’t look into the distance or hear what others say.
    • Not accepting or taking too long to accept your name or other oral requests for attention, exhibiting gestures, motions, and facial expressions inconsistent with what is being said, having an odd speech tone that could come off as sing-songy or flat and robotic.
    • The inability or difficulty to understand another person’s viewpoint

    Causes of Autism

    Compared to the general population, families with one autistic child were more likely to have a second autistic child.

    There is a higher prevalence of autistic features among a person’s family members.

    According to twin studies, there is an extremely high likelihood that the other identical (monozygotic) twin will also be affected by autism (77% in one significant study). The risk is significantly lower in cases of fraternal (dizygotic) twins since they are genetically distinct from one another.

    You can uncover a burgeoning area of autism study by searching for “autism and genes” online. Unfortunately, the genetics of autism are incredibly complex, with hundreds of different ‘risk genes’ and pathways identified; some of these pathways involve numerous genes in combination with environmental influences. It is about the only thing that is now certain.

    Causes of Autism

    Older parents could play a role.

    There is mounting evidence that parents who are older (over 45 years old) run a higher risk of having an autistic child. Generally speaking, children with developmental and other abnormalities are likelier to be born to older parents. Older mothers are more likely to experience pregnancy and birth problems, even though the genetic component is most likely the explanation.

    conception and delivery

    Early infancy and pregnancy, though to a lesser extent, appear to be critical times when brain development may be impacted. Although this is a modest factor, it has been discovered that bacterial or viral illnesses in the mother during pregnancy may slightly raise the chance of autism.

    caused by the environment

    The past ten years have seen increased studies into environmental factors that may be linked to autism. However, after much investigation, no specific environmental component has yet been identified as a contributing factor.

    Treatment of Autism

    There is no known cause of autism spectrum disorder or treatment that works for everyone. Treatment aims to improve your child’s functioning by minimizing the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder and fostering growth and learning. Your child can learn important social, communicative, functional, and behavioral skills with early intervention throughout the preschool years.

    Your child’s requirements may change over time, and the variety of home- and school-based therapies and interventions for autism spectrum conditions can be bewildering. Your healthcare provider might offer suggestions and direct you to local services.

    Treatment choices could be

    Behavioral and communication therapy. Many programs address a variety of social, language, and behavioral challenges associated with autism spectrum conditions. Some programs focus on reducing problematic behavior and providing new skills. Other initiatives focus on teaching children how to behave in social situations or improving their communication skills. Through a reward-based incentive system, applied behavioral analysis (ABA) can help adolescents learn new skills and apply these skills to different situations.

    Treatments in education Strictly structured educational programs often work best for children with autism spectrum disorders. Effective programs often include an expert panel and activities to enhance social skills, communication, and practice. Children receiving mindfulness and individual behavioral therapy in preschool tend to improve significantly.

    Family counseling. Parents and other family members can learn to play and interact with their children in ways that encourage social skills, address problem behaviors, and foster communication and daily living skills.

    Other treatments. Occupational therapy teaches daily living skills; physical therapy, which improves movement and balance; and speech therapy, based on your child’s needs, can all help. A psychologist can make recommendations on how to deal with problematic behavior.

    Medications. Specific medications can help resolve symptoms but fail to change the major symptoms of autism spectrum disorders. For example, certain medications may be recommended if your child is hyperactive. Severe behavioral issues can sometimes be managed with antipsychotics, and anxiety can be treated with antidepressants. Keep all doctors informed of any medications or supplements your child is taking. Some drug and supplement interactions can cause side effects.

    When to see a doctor

    Babies grow and change at their own pace, often deviating from the strict routine outlined in some parenting books. However, before the age of two, children with autism spectrum conditions often show signs of developmental impairment.

    If you have concerns about your child’s development or think they may have an autism spectrum disorder, contact your doctor.

    Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder are usually seen early in a child’s development when there are clear deficits in language development and socialization. Your doctor may recommend developmental tests to determine whether your child has social, language, or intellectual ability deficiencies. If your child

    • After six months, she no longer responds with a smile or cheerful expression.
    • At nine months, she doesn’t imitate sounds or facial expressions.
    • Not cooing or babbling by 12 months.
    • Not make gestures by 14 months, like pointing or waving.
    • Has not spoken a word by the age of 16 months.
    • By 18 months, she does not engage in pretend play or make-believe.”
    • At 24 months, she doesn’t use two-word phrases.
    Dr. Chandril Chugh
    Autism meaning in hindi

    Autism meaning in hindi

    ऑटिज्म एक आजीवन, गैर-प्रगतिशील तंत्रिका संबंधी विकार है जो आमतौर पर तीन साल की उम्र से पहले दिखाई देता है। “ऑटिज़्म” शब्द का अर्थ एक विकासात्मक विकलांगता है जो मौखिक और गैर-मौखिक संचार और सामाजिक संपर्क को महत्वपूर्ण रूप से प्रभावित करती है।

    ऑटिज्म एक स्पेक्ट्रम विकार है। ऑटिज्म के लक्षण और लक्षण हल्के से लेकर गंभीर तक विभिन्न प्रकार के संयोजनों में प्रकट हो सकते हैं। यद्यपि ऑटिज़्म को व्यवहारों के एक निश्चित समूह द्वारा परिभाषित किया गया है, बच्चे और वयस्क गंभीरता की किसी भी डिग्री में व्यवहारों के किसी भी संयोजन को प्रदर्शित कर सकते हैं। समान निदान वाले दो बच्चे एक-दूसरे से बहुत अलग तरीके से कार्य कर सकते हैं और उनमें अलग-अलग कौशल हो सकते हैं।

    Autism treatment in Hindi

    ऑटिज़्म स्पेक्ट्रम डिसऑर्डर (एएसडी) के लिए वर्तमान में कोई एक मानक उपचार नहीं है। एएसडी से पीड़ित बहुत से लोगों को उपचार से लाभ होता है, चाहे निदान के समय उनकी उम्र कितनी भी हो। सभी उम्र के लोग, क्षमता के सभी स्तरों पर, अच्छी तरह से डिज़ाइन किए गए हस्तक्षेपों के बाद अक्सर सुधार कर सकते हैं।

    लेकिन लक्षणों को कम करने और क्षमताओं को अधिकतम करने में मदद करने के कई तरीके हैं। जिन लोगों को एएसडी है, उनके पास अपनी सभी क्षमताओं और कौशल का उपयोग करने का सबसे अच्छा मौका है यदि उन्हें उचित उपचार और हस्तक्षेप मिले। सबसे प्रभावी उपचार और हस्तक्षेप अक्सर प्रत्येक व्यक्ति के लिए अलग-अलग होते हैं। हालाँकि, एएसडी से पीड़ित अधिकांश लोग उच्च संरचित और विशिष्ट कार्यक्रमों के प्रति सर्वोत्तम प्रतिक्रिया देते हैं।1 कुछ मामलों में, उपचार लक्षणों को काफी कम कर सकता है और ऑटिज्म से पीड़ित लोगों को दैनिक गतिविधियों में मदद कर सकता है। अनुसंधान से पता चलता है कि प्रारंभिक निदान और हस्तक्षेप, जैसे कि प्रीस्कूल के दौरान या उससे पहले, लक्षणों और बाद के कौशल पर बड़े सकारात्मक प्रभाव पड़ने की अधिक संभावना है। ऑटिज्म के शुरुआती उपचारों के बारे में और पढ़ें।

    Autism treatment in Hindi