Alzheimer disease is a neurological disorder that causes the brain to shrink and brain cells to die. Alzheimer’s is a type of dementia that affects thinking, memory and behavior. Dementia is a continuous decline in thinking and social skills that affect a person’s ability to function accurately. Alzheimer disease is commonly known to affect adults 65 years or older. But when adults in their 40s and 50s are diagnosed with this type of dementia, it is known as early-onset Alzheimer. It is difficult to obtain the right diagnosis in middle age because many symptoms may be a result of everyday life issues like stress.

Three types of Alzheimer’s disease are :

  • late-onset
  • early-onset
  • familial

Early-onset Alzheimer disease mainly occurs in adults in their middle age, while late-onset is diagnosed in adults 65 years or older. Familial one is connected to genes. Most patients who have early-onset Alzheimers have familial Alzheimer’s disease.

Alzheimer disease causes in middle age are:

  • Age
  • Family history or heredity
  • Down syndrome
  • Head injury
  • Factors like high blood pressure or cholesterol

Alzheimer is not a normal part of aging, but one should keep in mind that chances to acquire this disease increases with age. The most common cause of Alzheimer’s in middle age is familial Alzheimer’s or through genes.

However, it is necessary to keep a check on Alzheimer’s disease symptoms to take timely treatment :

  • Memory loss
  • Daily tasks become a challenge
  • Confusing times and places
  • Difficulty in problem-solving and planning
  • Vocabulary becomes hard
  • Vision change
  • Withdrawal from work and social events
  • Inability to retrace lost item
  • Mood swings

There are many other symptoms of Alzheimer in middle-aged person, and these should never be taken casually as ignorance can lead to a mishap. If you notice any of these signs, then you should consult a neurologist as soon as possible. The sooner, the better. Starting treatment may help you in relieving symptoms and keep you independent and mentally healthy.

Alzheimer disease treatment

There is no known cure for Alzheimer’s. But there are drug and non-drug options that can help the patient in relieving the symptoms. Many medications for memory, sleep deprivation, depression can be prescribed by the neurologist.

Alzheimer’s is a progressive disease. There are several stages through which this disease advances. The following are the Alzheimer’s stages:

  1. No impairment – before symptoms are evident
  2. Very mild decline – minor memory problems arise
  3. Mild decline – difficulty in planning and vocabulary
  4. Moderate decline – clear symptoms are apparent
  5. Moderately severe -trouble performing day to day activities
  6. Severe decline – this stage demands professional care and supervision to patients
  7. Very severe decline – the final stage where people are nearing death.

Stages 1, 2 and 3 combine to form early-stage/mild Alzheimer. Middle stage/moderate Alzheimer includes stages 4 and 5, while the last stage/severe Alzheimer comprises stages 6 and 7.

Alzheimer’s affects everyone differently. The timing and severity may be different for each person, and it can be difficult to determine the stage precisely.

Now let us look at the progression of these stages. Alzheimer stages duration are:

mild or early-stage lasts for 2 to 4 years

moderate or middle stage lasts for 2 to 10 years

severe or last stage lasts for 1 to 3 years

Having proper knowledge of Alzheimer stages and lengths is very crucial as it can help you in communicating with your loved ones neurologist and ensure that they get the best treatment in due time.

Dr Chandril Chugh is one of the top neurologists in Gwalior, a top neurologist in Jaipur, the best neurologist in Faridabad, a top neuro physician in Patna, and a well-known mind doctor in Delhi. Now you can sway off all your neurological worries online by booking an online neurologist consultation with a brain specialist doctor in Faridabad who is also a top neurologist in Jaipur or neurophysician in Jaipur and one of the best mind doctors in Delhi.

Case Review

This case study presents a patient with Alzheimer’s disease. A 45-year-old woman was brought into the hospital with a complaint that she experienced sleep deprivation and memory loss. She had stumbled and tripped several times. Her family rushed her into the hospital. The patient was taken to the emergency room for evaluation. As told by the family, she had a past medical history. She had diet-controlled type 2 diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and depression. The doctor also learnt that the patient’s mother died due to complications of early-onset Alzheimer’s disease. Due to her health conditions, she was on several medications. In the emergency room, when the patient was under observation by one of the top 5 neurologists in Patna and his team, they were able to diagnose from her symptoms that it was Alzheimer’s. The patient went for a few tests including, mental status tests, coordination test, CT, MRI, blood and urine tests.

Case Discussion

Though most of the Alzheimer’s causes remain unknown, with the help of his team, the doctor was able to find out the reason for this one. The Alzheimer’s caused in this case was due to the medical history of the patient. Her tests came out to be reasonably sound. There were problems in her blood and urine culture, and they were taken care of by the team. From mental status tests, they concluded that she had mild bilateral impairment in coordination and memory loss. The team decided to start with the treatment while keeping her under observation for the next 48 hours.

Clinical Symptoms

The patient was initially confused and was not able to respond properly. According to the condition reported by her family i.e.- tripping and difficulty in balance were some other clinical symptoms of Alzheimer’s. When the doctor talked to the family of the patient, he was able to get a clearer picture. The patient was acting lost, and there were certain scenes of autism. When he observed the patient and talked to him, the patient was not able to remember anything. This further helped doctors to eliminate all doubts, and after looking at the lab results, they made out it was Alzheimer’s disease.


The first and foremost management required when treating Alzheimer’s in middle age is calming the patient down. Our team of doctors was able to counsel the patient and explain her medical condition to the family. After a complete diagnosis, the patient was taken to the ICU as she was under observation. The doctor prescribed her the right drugs to control any future problems while treating the present one. The doctor is the best neurologist not only in Patna, but the top neurologist in Gwalior, Jaipur, and Delhi. He stuck the right chord and was able to control and cure the patient before any further complications. The patient got his discharge in due time and was sent back home in a healthy and happy condition.

For suggestions on questions like what causes brain haemorrhage? Which mattress is good for spondylitis? Or can a neck message cause a stroke? You can definitely consult an online neurologist.


How can Alzheimer’s disease be prevented?

Unfortunately, not enough is known about what causes Alzheimer’s. There is no specific way to prevent the condition. However, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, refraining from smoking and drinking, staying mentally and socially active helps to reduce individuals’ risk.

Are there any drug treatments for Alzheimer’s disease?

There are no drugs for Alzheimer’s cure, but one can take drugs to treat symptoms and slow down the disease’s progression.

One should seek medical help from a neurologist or prefer booking an online neurologist consultation for treating such complications. You can also find him as a neurologist in Punjab, a best neurologist in Faridabad or brain specialist doctor in Faridabad , a top neurologist in Jaipur or neurologist doctor in Jaipur, best neurologist in Saket, neurologist in South delhi or best neurologist in South delhi, neurologist in Agra, mind doctor in Delhi, top neuro physician in Patna and a top neurologist in Gwalior, a famous neurologist in Gwalior or neurologist doctor in Gwalior. He is also amongst the top 5 neurologist in Patna and top 10 neurologist in Delhi,ncr, and is also famous for his long distance senior care services.