The nervous system is divided into two primary regions- the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous systems. The central nervous system or CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system or PNS consists of everything else. Neurological disorders are disorders of the brain, the spinal cord and all the nerves present in the body. 

Here is the most common neurological disorders list :

  • Alzheimer’s disease 

One of the most common disorders in the elderly, Alzheimer’s, is a progressive disorder. Alzheimer’s and phantom pain is a prevalent condition among people over the age of 65. Depending on the intensity of the disease, a person may experience mild, moderate or severe symptoms. Alzheimer’s disease may start with minor invisible symptoms such as forgetting names, events, phone numbers, etc. It is a progressive disease, and over some time, one may experience extreme symptoms such as difficulty in swallowing or breathing, etc. This is because neurons that used to carry out functions in the body previously start to degenerate rapidly. With proper care and appropriate medications, this neurological disease can be treated. Talk to a neurologist online if you need guidance for this disorder.  

  • Migraine 

Migraine headache is one of the most common neurological conditions. It is a recurrent headache, usually affecting just one side of the brain, and is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and light sensitivity.  The impact of a migraine headache can last for several days, thus impairing the person’s ability to perform and carry out the daily tasks. Migraine can take place in several stages- prodrome, aura, attack and postdrome.  Hormonal changes, stress, anxiety, changes in the environment such as loud noise, strong smells, bright lights, etc., can trigger a migraine. While there is no cure for migraine, with the help of certain medications, the frequency and severity of migraine headaches can be reduced. If you suffer from this condition, you should consult a neurologist. They will give you the proper treatment for migraines

  • Stroke 

Strokes are yet another most common neurological disorders. Strokes are life-threatening conditions that can happen to anyone. Strokes occur when the vital flow of blood and oxygen supply is cut off from a part of the brain, causing it to break down and stop functioning. A stroke needs immediate medical attention. Otherwise, it can be fatal or cause a haemorrhage in the brain or permanent disability. One should immediately call for help and get the required medical attention that the patient needs to help the person having a stroke. Special care needs to be taken of the patient as a stroke can have a considerable impact and shock. Can a neck message cause stroke? is an often asked question. Generally, craniotomy is one of the most common neurosurgery procedures used to treat strokes. 

  • Epilepsy 

Very often, epilepsy and seizures are the two most common neurological terms that are used interchangeably. Epilepsy is a chronic condition where one has recurrent seizures. The nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, thus causing frequent outbursts of electrical energy. It is common among children and older adults. Epileptic people often have recurring seizures, which can cause harm to them. These seizures are, as we know, broadly of two types – focal and generalised. Epilepsy seizures can be different for different people. There are several reasons why a seizure can be triggered. While some people can live on their own and manage their seizures by themselves, others, on the other hand, may need a lot of care and attention. 

  • Parkinson’s disease 

Parkinson’s is yet another progressive neurological disorder. Here, the part of the brain responsible for movement is affected. The onset of this disease usually starts when the person is in their 60s. Some of the common symptoms are trembling hands,  slow movements, stiffness in hands, legs, etc. The problems with balancing, low volume speech, reduced swinging of the arms while walking, etc., genetic factors or environmental factors can cause Parkinson’s disease. Your doctor may prescribe a few medications and a few exercises and lifestyle modifications to reverse this disease’s effects. For treatment, consult the top neurophysician in Patna. He is also the top neurologist doctor in Jaipur, a brain specialist doctor in Faridabad, mind doctor in Delhi, best neurologist in South Delhi, Best neurologist in Saket, a top neurologist in Gwalior or neurologist doctor in Gwalior. 

  • Multiple sclerosis 

Multiple sclerosis is a long term disorder affecting the central nervous system that affects the brain, the spinal cord and the optic nerves. In this disease, the immune systems attack the protective layer (myelin) covering the nerves. Multiple sclerosis causes inflammation and lesions, making it difficult for the brain to send signals to the body. Loss of vision, pain, fatigue and impaired coordination are some of the symptoms of Multiple sclerosis. The exact cause of this disorder is unknown; however, according to several types of research, toxins and virus can be one of the causes of this disease. Treatment usually focuses on physiotherapy and slowing the progression of the disease.

Apart from these, Bell’s palsy, Third nerve palsy, Fourth nerve palsy, Sixth nerve palsy are some of the most common neurological disorders of cranial nerves. Neurological disorders are challenging to deal with. However, with proper treatment and friends and family, one can cope with neurological disorders.