Overview of spinal cord 

The spinal cord is a tubular structure that consists of a column of nerves that runs through the back. The spinal cord and membranes are located within the vertebrae or backbone. The function of vertebrae is to provide support and protection to the spinal cord and nerves.  It is divided into four parts  

  • Cervical
  • Lumbar           
  • Thoracic
  • Sacral 

Spinal nerves connect to specific areas of our own body through spaces in the vertebrae. It has two nerve roots: 

  • Motor roots- Contains nerve fibers that carry the signals from the spinal cord to the muscles.
  • Sensory roots– Contains nerve fibers that carry sensory information from parts of the body to the spinal cord.

What is spinal cord disorder? 

Spinal cord disorders are conditions and injuries that cause damage, deterioration, and immobility to the spinal cord and the nearby tissues and bones. Spinal cord disorders can cause permanent damage in movements such as paralysis or urinary incontinence and fecal incontinence. Sometimes these problems can be avoided or treated by consulting the best mind doctors in Delhi and top neuro physicians in Patna. 

Spinal Cord disorders types

Spinal cord disorders can be of two types – complete and incomplete:

  1. A complete spinal cord disorder- this type of injury is less common but can be severe. It causes total paralysis below the spinal cord injury. A complete injury is subdivided into three types: tetraplegia, paraplegia, and triplegia. Among the 3 tetraplegics is the most severe and can damage all the limbs.
  2. An incomplete spinal cord disorder- this type is more common than complete spinal injuries. It causes partial damage to the spinal cord. The body and brain can have the ability to communicate along certain pathways.

Spinal Cord disorders symptoms 

Spinal cord disorders of any type may result in one or more of the following signs and symptoms-

  • Muscle weakness or paralysis of limbs.
  • Numbness, tingling, and loss of sensation like the ability to feel light touch, pain, temperature, or vibration. 
  • Changes in reflexes.
  • Loss of bladder control or urinary incontinence.
  • Loss of bowel control or fecal incontinence.
  • Uncontrolled muscle spasms.
  • Extreme back pain.
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Diminished sweating
  • Difficulty with balance and walking

When suffering from these symptoms the individual should consult a neurologist online chat for free or simply talk to a doctor online.

Spinal cord disorder causes bladder spasm 

An injury to your spinal cord can disrupt the link between your brain and the nerves that control bladder function. When there is an injury just above the level of the vertebra (thoracic 12/ lumbar 1). This is mostly where your spinal cord controls your bladder and sphincter movements. When there is an injury in this area, a dysfunction occurs which is called neurogenic bladder. If you experience a spinal cord injury, you have chances to develop symptoms of the neurogenic bladder which consists of-

  • Urinary tract infections.
  • Frequent urination and urgency.
  • Small urine volume during voiding.
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Kidney stones
  • Dribbling urine
  • Inability to empty your bladder.
  • Trouble breathing
  • Loss of sexual function
  • Infertility

Spinal cord disorder causing dizziness

Spinal cord declination or instability in the neck, which increases the pressure on the vertebral artery. The dizziness occurs after the movement of your neck. Such a neck-related sensation in which a patient feels either the world around them is spinning or they are spinning. This kind of dizziness is called cervicogenic dizziness or cervical vertigo. Cervicogenic dizziness disrupts head and neck alignment or whiplash. This can also affect your sense of balance and concentration. Manual therapy, gaze stability, and eye movement exercises can be helpful for such patients.

Spinal cord injury risk factors

A spinal cord injury is mostly a result of an accident and can happen to anyone,  irrespective of age. However, certain factors do increase the risk of sustaining spinal cord injury.

  • Vehicle crashes are the leading cause of spinal cord injuries for people under 60-65 years.  Almost 40% of spinal cord injuries are because of this. 
  • The average age at the time of spinal cord injury is 43 years.
  • Males account for 78%-80% of traumatic spinal cord injury cases.
  • Engaging in risky activities like playing sports without taking safety precautions or diving into shallow water can lead to spinal cord injuries.
  • Having minor injuries such as bone or joint disorders like arthritis or osteoporosis can cause spinal cord injury.
  • Falls cause most injuries in adults older than 65.

Spinal Cord disorders treatment

There is no possibility to reverse spinal cord disorder. But doctors, online neurologists, neuro physicians in Jaipur are trying their best to provide the care and treatment to improve the function of the nerves remaining after spinal cord injury. The treatment completely depends on how serious the spinal cord disorder is. The main concern of the treatment is to give a person a productive life. Let’s discuss how it can be done-

    • Medications- Methylprednisolone or Solu-Medrol has been used on patients having an acute spinal cord injury in the past. There are quite a few side effects of this drug like clotting of blood, and pneumonia. Because of these potential side effects, methylprednisolone is no longer recommended to use after a spinal cord injury.
    • Surgery- This is a standard treatment for spinal cord injuries. Usually, surgeries are necessary to remove foreign objects, fragments of bones, or fractured vertebrae. Surgeries can also stabilize the spine to prevent pain.
    • Immobilization- To bring the spine into proper alignment you may need traction. There are special beds made to immobilize the body. A rigid neck collar can also work.
    • Rehabilitation- This plays an essential role in improving and maintaining the long-term quality of life. There are therapy sessions to maintain physical strength and mobility of muscles. Rehabilitation begins to work in the early stages of recovery.
    • Psychotherapy and counseling – This will help the patient deal with emotional trauma after sustaining a spinal cord disorder. Consulting an online neurologist can help the individual with the complications.
  • Diet- Some nerve regeneration foods include vitamin B found in meat fish eggs vegetables or foods that have traces of alpha-lipoic acid and acetyl-l-carnitine. Sweet potato spinach, salmon, walnuts, and chia seeds are also considered nerve-repair food. 

Spinal cord injury recovery stages

Recovery depends on the type of spinal cord injury. Typically it starts a few weeks to six months after an injury takes place. The early stage of recovery involves often visiting the hospital and consulting the doctor as there are risks in the initial year. The fastest rate of recovery is seen in the first six months. But some people experience small improvements in their condition after one or two years. 

To experience a speedy recovery the individuals should seek medical advice from Dr. Chandril Chugh or get an appointment with an online neurologist. You can find him under the top 10 neurologists in Delhi NCR, top neurologists in Gwalior. Dr. Chandril Chugh is considered one of the best neurologists in Faridabad and a neurosurgeon in Patna. Also, his ability to treat patients online with care is remarkable.

It’s better to seek treatments from professionals like neurologists or booking online neurologist consultation, Dr. Chandril Chugh being an online neurologist can be a great and quick way to recover for neurological patients. You can also find him as a neurologist in Punjab, the best neurologist doctor in Delhi, the best neurologist in Faridabad or brain specialist doctor in Faridabad , a migraine doctor in Jaipur or top neurologist in Jaipur or neurologist doctor in Jaipur, the best neurologist in Saket, neurologist in South Delhi or best neurologist in South delhi, neurologist in Agra or a mind doctor in Agra, mind doctor in Delhi, top neuro physician in Patna and a top neurologist in Gwalior, famous neurologist in Gwalior or neurologist doctor in Gwalior. He is also amongst the top 5 neurologist in Patna and top 10 neurologist in Delhi ncr, and is also famous for his long distance senior care services. They will guide you to the right path and assure you that you don’t lose track. Having a piece of expert advice with you is of the utmost importance when you’re in a deplorable state.

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