Spinal Cord Injury: Complications & Treatment

The spinal cord that forms a part of the central nervous system; is a column of nerve tissue that extends from the base of the skeleton to the center of the back. The spinal cord forms a pathway for messages sent by the brain to the body. Alongside the brain, it helps in carrying out motor, sensory and autonomic functions. Thus, any damage caused to the spinal cord can lead to some serious dysfunction in the body. 

The spinal cord is an important and very sensitive part of the human body. It is prone to injury, and unlike other parts of the human body, it does not have the ability to repair itself. Thus, damage to the spinal cord can lead to permanent harm to movement, sensation, and other body functions below the site of injury. Some of the best neurologists in Gwalior or neurologist in Agra can help in treating spinal cord injury. 

Causes Of Injury 

Spinal cord injuries (SCI) may occur as a result of external trauma, loss of blood, or non-traumatic spinal cord injuries. Some of the causes are listed below: 

  • Automobile accidents 
  • Collisions in sports
  • Hitting or falling hard on the head 
  • Cancer 
  • Arthritis 
  • Inflammation 
  • Disk degeneration of the spine

Symptoms of Spinal cord Injury

The symptoms of spinal cord injury may depend from person to person. Some of the common symptoms of SCI are listed below. Although they may not necessarily mean a spinal cord injury, it is better to seek medical attention. 

  •  Extreme pain felt in the head, neck, or the back region 
  • Weakness in the limbs or difficulty walking 
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control 
  • Trouble while breathing 
  • Trouble in balancing and coordination 
  • Numbness or tingling sensation in hands, fingers, feet, or toes 
  • An oddly twisted neck or back 

It is recommended that people with a backbone injury should restrain themselves from lifting heavy objects or moving them. One should consider seeking immediate medical care from the famous neurologist in Patna or from the famous neurologist in Gwalior 

Some of the long term signs and symptoms of SCI are - 

  • Loss of movement 
  • Alterations in senses, such as loss of touch, inability to feel hold, cold, etc 
  • Loss of bladder and bowel control 
  • Severe, throbbing pain at the back (this is felt due to the nerve fibers in the spinal cord)
  • Abnormal or exaggerated reflex activities
  • muscle spasms 
  • Changes in sexual function, sexual sensitivity
  • Infertility 
  • Difficulty while breathing or coughing 

In times of lockdown and social distancing, one can also get online neurologist consultation. 

Spinal cord Injury types

There are several types of spinal cord injuries. The type of injury is based on the spinal cord injury symptoms. Usually, the injuries are categorized into two types- complete and incomplete injuries. The severity of the injury is called ‘completeness’. 

  • Complete 
  • Incomplete 

Get a neurologist online consultation for a quick diagnosis of spinal cord injury. 

Complications  

There are several changes and complications that can take place after the spinal cord is injured. It is necessary that one seeks quick medical care to prevent any further losses. Some of the complications are - 

  • Bladder and Bowel control - Although your kidneys, stomach, and intestines may continue to function as earlier, your brain will have no control over your bowels or bladder. This is because the message carrier, your spinal cord is affected. 
  • Muscle spasms- Uncontrolled muscle movements and spasticity, due to contracting of the muscles
  • Respiratory issues - Injuries on the upper part of the spinal cord can affect your breathing. Cervical or thoracic spinal cord injury increases the risk of lung problems such as pneumonia etc. 
  • Mental health conditions - Some spinal cord injuries may lead to permanent loss of function, or even, spinal cord injury disability.  Coping with the changes taking place and the trauma of the accident may lead to a decline in mental health. 
  • Infertility - Men may face issues in erection or ejaculation, whereas women may notice changes in lubrication. Getting pregnant can also be difficult for women. 

It is important to get Spinal cord injury treatment from the top best neurologist in Jaipur. 

Spinal cord Injury pain - Treatment 

Although there are no treatments available for reversing the damage caused to the spinal cord, researchers are constantly working on different ways to cure the injury. However, at present, the treatment for spinal cord injury focuses on the rehabilitation of the person to their daily life and preventing any further damage. 

The recovery time of spinal cord injury depends on the type and severity of the injury. Surgery is the norm for treating spinal cord injuries. It helps in preventing any further damage. Spinal cord injuries in the upper neck can cause some serious problems, hence it is necessary that one checks the heartbeats and breathing of that person, immediately after the injury takes place. Wounds at the lower end of the spinal cord may lead to loss of bowel and bladder control, loss of sexual function, weakness, and loss of muscle function, etc. 

X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs help in Spinal cord injury diagnosis as well as aid in knowing the exact location of the wound. Occupational therapy, physical training therapy, and rehabilitation are recommended in most cases. This helps the patient in maintaining their physical strength and mobility, as well as preventing them from any long-term effects. One of the best neurologists in Saket can help in providing the best treatment for spinal cord injuries. You may also seek medical care and an appropriate spinal cord injury diet from the best neurologist in South Delhi, Dr. Chandril Chugh. You can also find him as a neurologist in Punjab, the best neurologist in Faridabad or brain specialist doctor in Faridabad, a top neurologist in Jaipur or neurologist doctor in Jaipur, the best neurologist in Saket, best neurologist in South delhi, neurologist in Agra, mind doctor in Delhi, top neuro physician in Patna and a top neurologist in Gwalior or neurologist doctor in Gwalior. He is also amongst the top 5 neurologist in Patna. You can also go for neurologist online chat or online neurologist consultation.


Top 12 Interesting Facts About The Nervous System

Nervous system introduction

The nervous system function is one complex and tremendously organized body system. It coordinates the action and sensory information. This information is received from different organs and is transmitted via nerves through the spinal cord. It is then processed by the brain and the nervous system structure is spread around the whole body to function suitably. This system directs the body's function and controls our reaction to the outside world. It's like a hyperactive connection that sends signals, electrical and chemical in lighting speed between cells. One should consult a famous neurologist in Patna in case any damage is caused to the nervous system.

Given below are some interesting nervous system facts and functions. 

Nervous system facts A-Z: 

The two main nervous systems

The nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord as the central nervous system. The peripheral nervous system includes nerves and sensory organs. Together with the help of CNS and PNS, it transfers sensory information, and along with that, it coordinates body functions. Sensory organs send data to the brain and spinal cord (CNS) from the nerves throughout the body. The CNS is the control center that processes this information and sends the command back. The nerves carry out the signals that are outgoing and incoming. Any damage to these nervous systems may require the help of a brain doctor in Patna for a quick recovery. 

The Neurotransmitter effect

A neurotransmitter is a chemical that is released when signals reach the end of the neuron. The message passes through neurons as electrical signals, and they facilitate the release of this chemical. It travels between neuron spaces and even other body tissues or cells. It has two types: excitatory and inhibitory. Excitatory neurotransmitters enable the electrical signal in neurons that encourage responses from body cells. On the other hand, an inhibitory transmitter discourages these signals and cellular responses. These chemicals assist in controlling the activities of muscles, glands, and nerve pathways. If you suspect any malfunction of the muscles or other body parts, consult the best neurologist in Saket. 

The nerve branches of the nervous system

The nervous tissue from the brain to the spinal cord and further nerve trunk includes cells called neurons. Neurons are charged cells as they conduct electrical signals to pass information throughout the body. A basic neuron consists of a dendrite, axon, and axon terminal. Body tissues or neurons pass signals to dendrite, and it is transmitted into the cell body. An outgoing signal is zipped in the axon and passed ahead through the axon terminal to the targeted cell. It has a huge capacity to send a signal from the nerve pathway and via the central nervous system too. One should consult the best neurologist in Gwalior or the famous neurologist in Gwalior, Dr. Chandril Chugh for proper treatment of damaged nerves. You can also find him as a neurologist in Punjab, the best neurologist in Faridabad or brain specialist doctor in Faridabad, a top neurologist in Jaipur or neurologist doctor in Jaipur, the best neurologist in Saket, best neurologist in South delhi, neurologist in Agra, mind doctor in Delhi, top neuro physician in Patna and a top neurologist in Gwalior or neurologist doctor in Gwalior. He is also amongst the top 5 neurologist in Patna. You can also go for neurologist online chat or online neurologist consultation.

The roadway of nerves

The spinal cord is covered up by connective tissues and bones. It's made up of neuron cells and a stack of axons. The brain's medulla oblongata is connected down to the vertebral column. It's a super track and part of the CNS. It enhances the nervous system factors of sensory information that motors command up and down to and from the brain. These signals speed in and out via spinal nerves. The spinal cord can pass on a reflex command without including the brain responses.

The brain- the engine of the body

This Nervous system organ connects perceptions and memory. Passing information might be the basic process command of the nervous system, but when you smell a familiar perfume do you feel nostalgic? It happens because of the limbic system that forms two rings paired within the brain. It consists of the amygdala, the hippocampus, the cingulate gyrus, and the dentate gyrus. The limbic system is involved in different nervous system function that helps our memory, olfaction (Our sense of smell) and even our range of emotions. The aroma that makes you happy and you reach out to the meal is the collective work of the limbic system.

Neurons can look different

While one may assume that all neurons look the same, it’s not true. Neurons have different sizes and shapes depends upon their location in the body and their functionality. Sensory neurons are connected by a long axon with dendrites on both ends and a cell body in middle. Whereas, motor neurons have a long axon in the middle. A cell body and dendrites on each end.

Two types of the nervous system

The voluntary and non-voluntary nervous system exists in the body along with PNS and CNS. The voluntary system controls action that a human being is aware of and even control consciously, like moving head, legs, arms, and different body parts. The other system controls the processes that the body can't control consciously. The system is always active and governs an individual's breathing, heartbeat rate, metabolism, and other critical body processes. One may get an online neurologist consultation if they experience any trouble in their routine bodily processes. 

A nervous system prepares the body for action

The sympathetic nervous system notifies the body to get active for physical and any mental activities to face them. When the body is active, it makes breathing easy, and the heartbeat faster. Even the digestion in the body is temporarily stopped due to this system and activeness load. Seek guidance from a neurologist in south Delhi for the treatment of neurological disorders. 

Controlling the body at rest

The sympathetic nervous system facts were referring to activating the body for work. On the other hand, the parasympathetic nervous system restraint body function when it is at rest. It includes activating metabolism, stimulating digestion, and settling the body in a relaxed state.

The handler of bowel movement

The bowel movements in our body are controlled by the enteric nervous system. It automatically regulates bowel movements as a part of digestion. Consult the top best neurologist in Jaipur if you face troubles with passing bowels

The different types of neurons 

Neurons have four types:

  • Motor: Motor neurons are the ones that carry signals from the central nervous system to the outside parts of the body.
  • Sensory: Sensory neurons carry the signals into the central nervous system from the outer part of the body - the glands, muscles, and skin.
  • Receptors: Receptors sense the surrounding environment like light, sound, touch, and chemicals around you. Further, it converts into electrochemical energy and is sent by sensory neurons.
  • Interneurons: This neuron is promised to send messages from one neuron to another one.

The loss of neurons

Neurons too have a lifespan. We start losing our neurons at around 20 years of age and till we reach the age of 75, 1/10 of our neurons are gone by the age of 75.


Common Symptoms Of Known Neurological Disorders

Neurological disorders: Introduction 

The disorder of the nervous system is known as neurological disorders. The nervous system is responsible for carrying out all the functions of the body. It is the engine of the human body, without which the body would not function. The nervous system is divided into two primary regions- the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system or CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system or PNS consists of everything else. Thus, the malfunctioning of the brain, the spinal cord or disruption in the connection of the nerves in the body, can lead to neurological disorders.

Lack of consciousness, stroke, paralysis, poor coordination, loss of memory, tremors and seizures, headache, etc are some of the common symptoms of neurological disorders. Often the symptoms originate from the peripheral nervous system. This could be, a result of injury or some illness. The neurological disorder symptoms can also arise from nerve damage or autoimmune diseases. Apart from this, it is also important to notice the signs and symptoms of neurological disorders in newborns. Some of the signs are- fuzziness, abnormal movements, difficulty in feeding, changes in body temperature, missing important developmental milestones, etc. 

Given the rise in Covid-19 cases, one can get easy online neurological consultation or neurologist online chat from the best neurologist in Saket. Given below are the neurological disorders list and their symptoms: 

Headaches and their types

Although headaches are quite common, they can be a serious neurological disorder. The location of the headache, its intensity, duration, the neurological disorder causes, vary according to the type of headache. Here are some of the symptoms based on the different types of neurological disorder headache. 

  • Cluster headache 

  1. Pain felt on one side of the head 
  2. Red or tearing eyes
  3. Agitation
  4. Runny nose/nasal congestion
  5. Sweating 
  • Migraine 

  1. Throbbing, intense pain in a particular area
  2. Pain felt in the face, the eyes, or neck 
  3. Sensitivity to light, distorted or blurred vision, seeing flashes of light 
  4. Sensitivity to noise 
  5. Nausea 
  • Sinus 

  1. Pain, pressure on cheeks, brow or forehead 
  2. Pain felt while bending forward
  3. Stuffy nose 
  4. Fatigue 
  • Post-traumatic headaches 

  1. Dizziness 
  2. Insomnia, flashbacks, nightmares
  3. Memory problems 
  4. Sensitivity to sound and light 
  5. Anxiety, depression, etc. 

Get online neurologist consultation from the top neurologist in Agra for your headaches. 

Stroke 

Strokes can be a life-threatening neurological disorder. A person is said to be having a stroke when the flow of blood and oxygen supply is cut off from a part of the brain, causing a breakdown and arrest in functioning. A stroke needs immediate medical attention, otherwise, it can be  fatal. There are several reasons why a person may have a stroke. Smoking tobacco, high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, genetic factors, obesity, etc are some of the many causes of stroke. One must know It is important that one knows the signs and symptoms of a stroke. Some of them are - 

  1. Blurred vision or loss of sight 
  2. Trouble walking, sudden paralysis, stiffening of muscles 
  3. Numbness 
  4. Dizziness, confusion, difficulty in understanding 
  5. Severe headache

One should definitely consult the best brain doctor in Patna for the treatment of strokes. 

Seizures

When the connection between brain nerve cells is disturbed, one is said to have seizures. Thus, almost all people are at risk of having a seizure, however, a single seizure doesn’t mean a person has a seizure disorder. Epilepsy is a chronic condition where one has recurrent seizures. The nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, thus causing frequent outbursts of electrical energy. If you have frequent episodes of seizures, consider consulting the top best neurologist in Jaipur,  for the treatment of epilepsy. 

Most of the time, seizures are noticeable and you can make out if a person is having a seizure. However, sometimes, it may escape your eye. Here are some symptoms that a person is having a seizure- 

  1. Uncontrollable muscles spasms, jerking of the arms and legs 
  2. Loss of consciousness 
  3. Drooling, Biting of tongue or clenching of teeth 
  4. Uncontrolled bowels or bladder 
  5. Loss of consciousness, having a blurred vision
  6. Dropping things, falling on ground/fainting
  • Neurodegenerative diseases 

Neurodegenerative diseases, as the name suggests is the deterioration of nerve cells over a period of time. The nerve cells of the brain or the peripheral nervous system, start to degenerate and ultimately die. Neurodegenerative diseases affect one’s personality and impair their ability to function. Some common types of neurodegenerative diseases and their symptoms are- 

  • Dementia  (a common neurological disorder in elderly)

  1. Loss of memory is a common symptom of dementia 
  2. Inability to speak, disorientation
  3. Depression, mood swings, nervousness, anxiety 
  4. Difficulty to walk, stiffness of muscles 
  5. Sleep disorder 
  • Parkinson’s disease 

  1. Tremors felt in the hand, limbs, etc
  2. Difficulty in movement, muscle contraction, slow body movement 
  3. Difficulty in speech, difficulty in swallowing food, etc. 
  4. Stiffness of body parts 
  5. Depression, 
  • Huntington’s disease 

  1. Abnormal movement, problems with coordination 
  2. Amnesia , delusion, confusion, 
  3. Depression, hallucination, mood swings, 
  4. Memory loss 
  5. Difficulty in functioning 
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 

  1. Twitching of muscles in the arms, legs, shoulder, tongue
  2. Spasticity 
  3. Slurred and nasal speech 
  4. Difficulty chewing or swallowing 
  5. Muscle cramps 

Consult the famous neurologist in Gwalior, also the best neurologist in Gwalior for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. 

ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is characterized by the inability to concentrate and difficulty controlling their own behavior or actions. ADHD is common among both adults and children. Brain injuries, abnormal brain development or genes are some of the causes of ADHD. The symptoms of ADHD include - 

  1. Trouble focusing or concentrating on tasks
  2. Having trouble completing tasks or forgetting about them 
  3. Distraction 
  4. having trouble sitting still
  5. Having a habit of interrupting people while they’re talking

Ignoring the symptoms of neurological symptoms can worsen the condition of the patient in the future. Thus, it is important that one seeks quick treatment from a professional. Consult a neurologist in South Delhi, Dr. Chandril Chugh for quick recovery and treatment of neurological conditions.  You can also find him as a neurologist in Punjab, the best neurologist in Faridabad or brain specialist doctor in Faridabad, a top neurologist in Jaipur or neurologist doctor in Jaipur, the best neurologist in Saket, best neurologist in South delhi, neurologist in Agra, mind doctor in Delhi, top neuro physician in Patna and a top neurologist in Gwalior or neurologist doctor in Gwalior. He is also amongst the top 5 neurologist in Patna.


Brain Exercises: Improve Concentration, Memory And Cognition Ability

Human Brain, the most complex structure of the human body, starts developing in the mother’s womb itself. It is responsible for carrying out almost all functions of the body. Thus, it is important that the brain is active and no harm is caused to it.

Doctors often suggest brain exercises to patients, to help them steer free from neurological disorders. A simple exercise like reading a book for 30 minutes, can help in improving concentration level.  One needs to train their brain and monitor it, to boost their brainpower. An online neurologist consultation can help answer your brain exercise questions. A study also proves that regular exercise changes the brain to improve memory and your thinking skills too. 

Age is an important factor in determining the type of exercise one needs. The brain exercises change as per the level of different potentials of an individual. 

Following are some exercises divided as per age factor.

Brain exercises for kids

  1. Double doodling 

It’s a bilateral drawing exercise where children have to draw two images with their hands. It helps in improving skills like writing, spelling accuracy, and symbol recognition. Get to know more of the variations in these exercises from the top best neurologist in Jaipur.

  1. Lazy eight’s

Here the child draws the number eight on paper or in the air using their hands. It improves eyesight and opens the creative side of the child.

  1. Earth buttons

Let your child sit or stand in a comfortable place. Now, tell them to put their right hand on the lips and the left one on the naval. Ahead let the children rotate both hands in a circular motion. It enhances mental alertness and improves whole-body orientation. Other than exercises if any symptoms or neurological problem is found, an expert brain doctor in Patna.

Brain exercises for Adult

  1. Jigsaw puzzles 

Solving jigsaw puzzles assists one in multiple cognitive abilities. They are one protective factor for visuospatial cognitive ageing. Finding pieces and completing a whole picture helps to exercise your brain

  1. Cards games

A study in 2015 has found that card games lead to greater brain volume in different regions of the brain. The game requires memory and thinking skills, so the brain formulates these skills while playing.

  1. Dancing 

Dancing is a great way to enhance brain functioning and memory. Remembering new steps enables your brain to improve brain’s processing speed and memory.

  1. Building vocabulary

The brain gets involved when it comes to developing a strong vocabulary. Especially the areas that are important for visual and auditory procedures. It’s one of the great brain exercises for memory. 

How to do this exercise- Read a book and note down a new word and learn its definition or meaning. Use the same word five times the next day. 

All the exercise helps in developing your brain and making improvements in your body’s neurological movements too. Even some patients who are recovering from a stroke can do certain exercises to improve the stroke recovery process. Some habits restore several cognitive abilities and improve their quality of life. 

Here are some brain exercises for stroke recovery individuals.

  • Board games: 

Board games are good for engaging someone. It requires concentration, and the use of memory is also essential. It reduces boredom and stress while reducing the anxiety level. This leads to better cognition in stroke cases. The best neurologist in Gwalior can guide you ahead with medications and exercises.

  • Cooking: 

Cooking requires patience and basic skills. However, concentration is a must when it comes to adding ingredients. Keeping an eye on the food as it cooks, definitely adds to memory senses. It also boosts cognition. The sensory stimulation is strengthened, and the process itself stimulates the various parts of the brain. The best neurologist in Saket can help with stroke recovery. 

Not just cooking, but sometimes eating can help improve your memory as well. Read about the food items that can contribute to improving brain function.

  • Listening to music: 

This activity is for everyone, and most people do it daily. An easy and helpful way to increase the attention span with focusing abilities is listening to music. People may face some speaking and language challenges while recovering from a stroke, but music can help improve memory if they sing along with the song.

  • Yoga

Along with games for brain exercise, yoga can be a great method to improve your body movement and memory. It calms your mind and reduces stress. Yoga asanas need focus and concentration to perform, which helps in the sympathetic nervous system. As the nervous system controls the moment and the body’s coordination, the famous neurologist in Patna can guide you with the treatment that is trusted for any neurological disorder.

Following are some good asanas of yoga as a brain exercise:

  • Padmasana
  • Sarvangasana
  • Paschimottanasana
  • Padahastasana
  • Halasana

These should be done carefully as it requires practice as well as physical strength. 

However, if you’ve been suffering from a long term neural disease, exercises might not yield the best results for you. Booking a consultation with a trustworthy brain doctor is a must for the right medication and treatment.

Also, Read

Can Overweight Cause Stroke

Spinal Stenosis Causes


Top 5 Neurological Disorders in Children

A growing child is vulnerable to several diseases. Attention must be paid to the nourishment and development of the child in the initial growing years. The nervous system is of utmost importance for the functioning of the body. The spinal cord, the brain, and the nerves make up the nervous system. There are four nervous system development stages in a child. At birth, the bones in the skull of the newly born baby are soft and flexible. Later, as the baby grows, the bones become strong and hard. The development of the central nervous system which comprises the brain and the spinal cord starts right when the child is in the womb. Although the nerves are formed before the birth itself, the nerve connections start to develop after birth until adolescence. Genes, infections, accidents, immune disorders, etc can cause neurological disorders in children. If the health of a child is neglected in the developmental years, it could lead to permanent damage in the future. 

Given below is neurological disorders list – 

Headaches 

Although most headaches are not a cause of concern, one should not totally neglect them. Headaches in some cases at times can be an indicator of some serious underlying conditions. Headache is a sharp sensation of pain in the head. Based upon the symptoms, one can identify the underlying cause of the headache. Migraine, stress, cluster headache, dental problems, headache due to straining of the eye, etc are some of the underlying conditions that may cause headache among children. Consult a neurologist in Delhi if your child has persistent headaches. 

Autism 

Autism also called Autism spectrum disorder(ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by problems with communication and social interaction. Children with autism may have difficulty in achieving developmental milestones at the same rate as their peers. They could have poor communication skills and may refrain from interacting in groups. The exact cause of autism is unknown. Usually, a child is at the risk of having autism if an immediate family member has it, or because of genetic mutations. Being born with low weight, or to older parents, being exposed to toxins or heavy metals, etc are some of the possible causes of autism. One needs to pay close attention to children to know whether they have autism or not. The symptoms are quite evident when the child is 2 to 3 years of age. Delayed speech, lack of eye contact, repeated use of words or phrases, narrow range of interests, etc. are some of the symptoms of autism in children. 

ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic mental health disorder. It is mainly characterized by hyperactivity and impulsive behaviour. Children with this disorder find it difficult in paying attention, focusing on a single task or sitting for long hours. ADHD is common in both adults and children. However, ADHD often begins in childhood itself. Genes and heredity, reduction of dopamine, head injuries, prematurity, etc are some of the factors of ADHD. Generally,  CNS stimulants are prescribed in cases of ADHD. Mindfulness meditation is another option for this brain disorder in a child. If a child is dealing with ADHD, parents and teachers need to work together, to ensure they cope up with studies at school.  

Cerebral Palsy 

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affects a person’s movement, maintaining balance, and posture. A common motor disability in childhood, CP is caused due to abnormal brain development in the brain. The symptoms of cerebral palsy may differ from person to person. Some children may face problems with walking or sitting, others may find it difficult swallowing food, or maintaining eye muscle balance. Being too stiff or floppy, delays in motor skill milestones, difficulty in speaking, swallowing food, drooling, lack of muscle coordination, etc are some of the symptoms of Cerebral Palsy. 

Epilepsy 

Epilepsy is rather a common condition in children. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by seizures. The nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, thus causing frequent outbursts of electrical energy. Caring for children with epilepsy can be difficult as one does not know when or where the seizures occur. Most children outgrow epilepsy by the time they are teenagers with the help of proper neurological disorder treatment. It is necessary that parents pay serious attention to children. Identifying a seizure is an important task. Rapid blinking, staring continuously, confusion, unusual breathing and facial expressions, muscle movements, etc are some of the signs of a child having a seizure. 

If you suspect your child has any of the above-mentioned disorders, or any other neurological disorders, you must consider online neurological consultation. 

How do I know if my child has a neurological disorder?

It is necessary that as parents, you have a neurological disorders introduction and a fair idea of the symptoms. Although it’s difficult to know when your child needs specialized medical assistance, there are few signs that you should look out for – 

  • Delays in reaching developmental milestones
  • Lack of coordination
  • Abnormal head growth 
  • Seizures, variations in muscle tone 
  • Slurred speech 
  • Persistent headaches 
  • Hyperactivity 

For treatment, appoint a neurologist online consultation, consult the online the famous neurologist in Patna, Dr Chandril Chugh, a best neuro physician in Patna or top neurosurgeon in Patna. He is also the top neurologist doctor in Jaipur, a brain specialist doctor in Faridabad or top neurosurgeon in Patna, neuro physician in Jaipur , a best neuro physician in Patna  or neurologist doctor in Gwalior, neurosurgeon in Patna and brain specialist doctor in Delhi. He is also amongst the top neurosurgeons in Patna. You can also go for a neurologist online consultation or neurologist online chat. You can also learn about what causes brain hemorrhage, aspartame side effects of the brain, can a neck massage cause a stroke or not, which mattress is good for spondylitis elders dural, the best food for nerve repair, pillow for ankylosing spondylitis, and brain attack symptoms in Hindi from the best neuro physician in Patna. You can get the best advice from the top neurosurgeon in Patna and also from the best neuro physician in Patna. Not only is he a famous neurologist in Patna but also a Gwalior neurologist doctor.

Also Read

Complication And Management of Ankylosing Spondylitis Amidst Covid

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Body Positivity And Its Importance


All You Need To Know About Dementia

Dementia Meaning : Dementia is a general term for disorders of the brain characterized by cognitive decline. Dementia is not a specific disease rather a common term to describe symptoms of memory loss, impairment in thinking, language judgement, and behaviour. These are the main dementia features. If one has any two of these symptoms, they may have dementia. Dementia meaning is very essential to know and it can be progressive in nature i.e they develop over time whereas some dementia can be cured and reversed as well. 

Dementia symptoms can be divided into two types. These symptoms may vary  

Dementia Symptoms 

Dementia symptoms can vary from person to person depending upon the type of disorder they have. Here are a few possible Dementia symptoms that someone with dementia may experience.The main Dementia symptoms are:

  • Memory loss- this could be as simple as forgetting names, dates or phone numbers. 
  • Difficulty in completing daily tasks
  • Struggling with words, language, difficulty in communication 
  • Impairment in judgment and problem solving 
  • Disorientation and confusion 
  • Impaired coordination and motor functions 
  • Weakened visual abilities

Some of the psychological changes one may experience are – 

  • Anxiety, frustration 
  • Changes in behaviour 
  • Personality changes 
  • Paranoia 
  • Agitation 
  • Hallucinations
  • Sudden mood swings
  • Feeling lost and losing interest in things 

If you are facing any of these symptoms, you should consider consulting a neurologist in Faridabad. You can also find him as a famous neurologist in Patna or brain doctor in Patna, top best neurologist in Jaipur, best neurologist in Gwalior or famous neurologist in Gwalior, neurologist in South Delhi, best neurologist in Faridabad. You can also go for neurologist online consultation or talk to a neurologist online.

Dementia Causes 

Generally, dementia disease is caused by the degeneration of neurons. Disturbances in other body parts and their effect on the working of neurons, too can cause dementia disease. Another cause of dementia disease is neurodegenerative diseases. In neurodegenerative diseases, the brain cells stop function gradually and eventually end up dying. This type of dementia disease is seen in elderly people which is dementia in elderlyDementia elderly care should be taken.Thus, the neuron connection is lost in dementia elderly and one is unable to function properly. Vascular dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and Dementia, tumours, etc are some of the neurodegenerative diseases which mostly happens in dementia elderly. Dementia elderly care should be taken positively. If Dementia elderly care is not taken, then it can lead to further complications.

For any problems related to the brain you can consult the brain specialist doctor in Delhi . The Patna clinic provides you with a top neurologist doctor in Jaipur or neuro physician in Jaipur,  best neurologist in Saket, best neurologist in South delhi, neurologist in Agra, mind doctor in Delhi, brain specialist doctor in Faridabad , top neurosurgeon in Patna and a best neuro physician in Patna  or neurologist doctor in Gwalior. 

Dementia Types 

Dementia disease can be of several types. Here are a few types. 

  • Progressive Dementia – here, the disease grows over a period of time. 
  • Alzheimer’s Disease – Very often, people believe Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease to be one and the same thing. However, Alzheimer’s is a type of dementia. A person suffering from Alzheimer’s disease, the brain cells progressively degenerate and wipe out the person’s memory. It is usually common in people with dementia aged 65 or above. Treating Alzheimer’s Disease may require a lot of patience and care. 
  • Vascular Dementia – This is usually caused due to several strokes, often known as silent strokes. The most common symptom of vascular dementia is poor judgement and reasoning. 
  • Lewy body Dementia – Also known as dementia with Lewy bodies, this disorder is associated with abnormal deposits of the protein alpha-synuclein in the brain. Common symptoms include hallucinations, acting in one’s sleep, problems with focus and attention. 
  • Frontotemporal Dementia – This is an umbrella for a group of disorders that affect the frontal and temporal lobes. These are the parts of the brain responsible for personality, behaviour and language.
  • Mixed Dementia – Mixed dementia as the name suggests is a combination of disorders. This is common among people over the age of 80. Most often it is a combination of Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia. 

For any neurological problem, you can also go for neurologist online consultation or neurologist online chat. You can also get to know about what causes brain haemorrhage , aspartame side effects of  the brain , can a neck massage cause a stroke or not, which mattress is good for spondylitis, elders dural , best food for nerve repair, pillow for ankylosing spondylitis and brain attack symptoms in hindi from the best neuro physician in patna

Dementia like disorders

  • Huntington’s disease – here, dementia is caused due to inherited genetic conditions. This genetic condition causes nerves in the brain and spinal cord to degenerate. The symptoms usually start to show up between 30 to 50 years of age. 
  • Parkinson’s disease – This is a progressive movement disorder that causes problems like stiffness, tremors, difficulty in walking, maintaining balance and coordination problems among people suffering from the disease.

These days, teleconsultation is available for online neurologist consultation for all neurological disorders. For further complications A prior check-up with a famous neurologist in Patna, Dr. Chandril Chugh, who is also a Gwalior neurologist doctor is a must for the right medication and treatment of neurological disorders. He is one of the top 5 neurologists in Patna. He is also amongst the top neurosurgeons in Patna. You can get the best advice for any nervous disorder from the top neurosurgeon in Patna and also from the best neuro physician in Patna. 

Dementia treatment

Dementia treatment depends upon the type of disorder one has.  Since brain cell death cannot be reversed, medications and non-drug therapies are the two treatments that can alleviate symptoms of dementia.  

Medications – 

  • Cholinesterase inhibitors- These try to improve communication between nerve cells. Cholinesterase inhibitors increase the chemical acetylcholine. This may help in improving memory and judgment. 
  • Memantine –  Memantine may help with memory, attention, reasoning, and language. It works by regulating glutamate and delaying cognitive and behavioral symptoms. 
  • Other medications – doctors may prescribe other medications to alleviate symptoms of dementia such as anxiety, depression, 

Therapies –  

  • Occupational therapies – An occupational therapist can help the patient to make their homes safer, teach them how to be more safe and secure with tasks such as walking, cooking, driving, etc. They will also teach the patient coping behaviors. 
  • Modifying the environment – decluttering the patient’s room and reducing the noise enhances their ability to function and focus. It’s best that harmful objects such as knives are out of the patient’s reach. You can even keep track of the patient through monitoring systems in case they wander, or are lost. 
  • Modifying tasks- With the help of a therapist and healthcare provider, daily tasks such as cooking, bathing or grooming, etc can be broken down into simple manageable tasks.  

For neurological disorders, you can consult Dr. Chandril who is a neurosurgeon in Patna as well as a famous neurologist in Patna.

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Epilepsy Vs Seizures

 


Bell’s Palsy: Its Uncertainty & Ways To Treat It?

What is Bell’s Palsy?

Bell’s palsy, also known as ‘acute peripheral facial palsy of unknown cause’, is a medical condition that causes a temporary paralysis or weakness of the facial muscles. Facial paralysis can be a daunting problem as it damages the aesthetics of the face. A person suffering from Bell’s Palsy usually has one side of the face that droops or becomes stiff. This is because of swelling, compression or inflammation in the nerves that control your facial muscles. This disorder can occur anytime at any age. However, by following Bell’s palsy: Treatment guidelines 2021, this condition can be cured. 

Symptoms 

The symptoms of bell’s palsy may appear suddenly and abruptly. They may also appear after you’ve had an infection in the eye or the ear, or if you have a severe cold. 

Some of the symptoms are given below - 

  • Drooling 
  • Stiffening of the face
  • Difficulty in eating, drinking
  • Difficulty in moving face, or facial expressions 
  • Dry eyes and mouth 
  • Sensitivity to sound on the affected side of the face 
  • Irritation of eye on the affected side 
  • Headache 

Most often bell’s palsy is mistaken for a stroke. However, it’s not a stroke if the paralysis is limited to the face. In rare cases, the face can be affected on both sides.

How to prevent Bell’s Palsy?

Currently, there’s no way to prevent or avoid bell’s palsy. However, if you have any of the symptoms above, consult a neurologist in Jaipur or top best neurologist in Jaipur. You can also find him as a famous neurologist in Patna or brain doctor in Patna, best neurologist in Gwalior or famous neurologist in Gwalior, neurologist in South Delhi, best neurologist in Faridabad. You can also go for neurologist online consultation or talk to a neurologist online.

Causes of Bell’s Palsy 

The main cause of this disorder is not known. However, according to several doctors, it’s generally because of damaged facial nerves. There are other studies that point out the various causes of Bell’s Palsy. Some of them are- 

  • Epstein-Barr virus, or EBV (Infectious mononucleosis) 
  • Mumps virus
  • Flu or influenza B
  • Coxsackievirus (Hand-foot-and-mouth disease)
  • Cold sores and genital herpes (herpes simplex)
  • Chickenpox and shingles (herpes zoster)
  • Cytomegalovirus infections
  • Adenovirus (Respiratory illnesses)
  • German measles (rubella)

What is the fastest way to cure Bell’s Palsy? 

Usually, for a person to recover from bell’s palsy, it takes roughly around 6 months. However, for a speedy recovery, it’s best if one gets the bell’s palsy physiotherapy treatment. A physiotherapist will evaluate your situation based upon your medical history and your present condition, symptoms. They will identify the patterns of weakness on your face by conducting a physical examination. According to what suits you, they will suggest some exercises that will help in quick recovery. 

Given below are a few Bell’s Palsy treatment exercises that one can practise at home. 

Facial stimulation 

To begin with facial stimulation, you need to first sit in front of the mirror and scrunch up your face. Begin with trying to move the affected part of your face. You may notice that one side of the face can make the movements faster and higher as compared to the drooping side. 

  • Gently and slowly try to copy the movements similar to the unaffected part.
  • You may use your hands to aid you in the process.
  • Do this once or twice every day. 

Exercises for the eye 

It’s important that people with Bell’s Palsy take good care of their eyes. Bell’s palsy makes it difficult to close the eye, thus making the eye and the parts of the eye vulnerable to damage. Your eye can go completely dry and debris can cause harm to it. Using a patch to protect the eye from any external damage. Apart from this, you may try some exercises that will help you regain control over your eye movements. 

  • Practise shutting your eyelid with your fingers.
  • Practise shutting your eyes and opening them wide open. 
  • Alternate raising your eyebrows and lowering them. Gently massage your eyebrows and try shutting them. 

Nose and cheek exercise 

The cheeks and the nose are yet another crucial part of the face. Stiffness or weakness in this region can affect the entire face as you recover. One needs to practise the exercises of the cheeks and nose on a daily basis.

  • To improve the movement of the nose and the cheek muscle, try scrunching up your face. 
  • Puff up your cheeks and blow the air out. This may seem difficult at the start however, one needs to practise this on a daily basis. Repeat this at least 10 times a day. 
  • Try inhaling through the affected part of the nose to flare up the nostrils. You may do this by covering the unaffected nostril, and forcing the affected part to inhale harder. If you have difficulty breathing through the affected nostril, you may try various combinations of deep and slow breathing to inhale better. 
  • Practise wrinkling your nose and use your fingers to lift up the cheek.   

Mouth exercise 

While working on your mouth, try engaging your lips and tongue. Many a time, people find it difficult to eat or drink as the muscle movement is limited. Some also have no control over the saliva, and often find it dribbling from the mouth. Here are a few exercises for the mouth that one can practise on a daily basis (at least 10 to 20 times a day) - 

  • Practise smiling and frowning. 
  • Try puckering your lips and relaxing them. 
  • With the help of your fingers try lifting the affected side of your mouth. 

12 Tips On Exercises & Food To Strengthen Nerves

The nervous system is responsible for carrying out several functions in our body by transmitting signals to various parts of the body, thus making coordination possible. The nervous system is like a roadway of thousands of nerves connected to the various parts of the body to carry out daily tasks. Thus, it is paramount for the human body to function. You can read about various Nervous system facts that will tell you how important it is for the body.

A healthy and strong nervous system is essential for one to act promptly and think correctly. A study says that deep breathing has been effective in dealing with the weak nervous system. Let's go through the article to see which foods and exercises are best for our Nervous system.

What’s better than food to make your nerves healthy? 

Here are some of the best foods for nerve repair

  • Eggs – A regular intake of eggs makes the choline in eggs make acetylcholine. It’s a neurotransmitter that is essential for communication and improving memory among the brain cells. A study also shows that it enhances better performance in memory tests.
  • Avocados- Best on the toast, avocados are fully packed with vitamin K and folate. It stabilises the concentration level and also prevents the formation of a blood clot in the brain. The best part is avocado has high protein with a low sugar level, which makes it a righteous choice.
  • Green leafy vegetables- Green leafy vegetables are said to be healthy when we were kids, but somewhere down the line, we always forget to add greens to our diet. Greens are powerful food to soothe your nerves. Rich in Vitamin B complex, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and Magnesium. Vitamin B assists in moments of neurotransmitters and synthesising them. Vitamin C and E found in leafy vegetables are anti-ageing agents, and magnesium comforts and calms the nerves. Green leafy vegetables are suitable for the autonomic nervous system. 
  • Fish – Fish has Omega 3 fatty acids. People who have a deficiency in fatty acids may suffer nerve damage. Myelin sheaths protect nerves that are made of fatty acid. Thus, the deficit can be cured by Omega 3 fatty acids, which are present in fish, and it also helps in the healing of the nervous system.
  • Broccoli– Broccoli is the powerhouse of Vitamin K, which also improves brain power.  It has a rich compound known as glucosinolates which slows down the breaking of neurotransmitters and acetylcholine. It enhances the central nervous system, and on the other hand, low levels of acetylcholine lead to Alzheimer’s. Broccoli is one great food to include in your meal.
  • Pumpkin seeds- With a great balance of nutrients like Magnesium, Copper, Iron, and Zinc, pumpkin seeds are small yet nutritious foods. It contains antioxidants that protect the brain from radical damage. Magnesium is important, as deficiency of magnesium can lead to many neurological diseases. Zinc, too, is crucial for nerve signalling. 
  • Nuts- Yes, they do sharpen memory and are good components of healthy fat and antioxidants. Vitamin E especially shields cell membranes from radical damage. Nuts are easy to eat and can be a great alternative to any other quick food. 
  • Food items rich in Vitamin B – These include B-6, B-12, and some B-complex vitamins. They play a useful role in repairing nerve health and sensory aspects. It also boosts metabolism.

The best source for :

  • Vitamin B12 are – Sardines, salmon, tuna, mackerel, cod
  • Vitamin B1- green peas, black beans, lentils 
  • Vitamin B6- Tuna, salmon 
  • Vitamin B2- Soybeans, almonds, etc. 

The deficiency of the vitamin B-Complex is relatively standard. One should always seek consultation from an expert before consumption of the above-given supplements. There are several foods items that can help you with nerve repair

Eating healthy food is necessary for nervous system development stages. Some foods good for nerves and muscles are very essential that can heal damaged nerves and should be consumed in optimum amount for best results. 

How to improve the weak nervous system?

Given below are some nerve strengthening exercises and tips on how to improve the nervous system by yoga.

  • Daily walk-  Walking daily for at least 30 minutes per day is a great start to being healthy.  By walking daily, your mind is refreshed and energised. It’s 
  • Aerobic Exercises – Aerobic exercises such as swimming, bicycling, brisk walking, etc. make you breathe deeply. This blood circulation and endorphin levels in your body. 
  • Stretching Exercises – Stretching is an excellent exercise to rejuvenate your brain and body. They give you flexibility and reduce the risk of you hurting when you exercise. 
  • Yoga– Yoga improves the body’s functionality by using different Asanas and breathing techniques. It helps to relax the body and mind and provide relief to you. It incorporates exercises and asanas that activate the nervous system, which is responsible for heart rate. It enables a decrease in cortisol.

Exercising can preserve nerves’ function and promote nerve regeneration. It reduces pain symptoms too. For peripheral neuropathy, exercise precautions should be taken while performing it. 

Following are some precautions that can be taken:

  • Do not perform exercises with high intensity from the beginning. Gradually increase the frequency and intensity period to avoid complications.
  • Avoid exercising if you have a foot injury or back inflammation.
  • Consult your doctor if you face any difficulties amid any workout sessions or when the pain is severe.Talk to a neurologist online or book your appointment with the expert neurologist in Delhi. 

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6 Most Common Neurological Disorders

The nervous system is divided into two primary regions- the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous systems. The central nervous system or CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system or PNS consists of everything else. Neurological disorders are disorders of the brain, the spinal cord and all the nerves present in the body. 

Here is the most common neurological disorders list :

  • Alzheimer’s disease 

One of the most common disorders in the elderly, Alzheimer’s, is a progressive disorder. Alzheimer’s and phantom pain is a prevalent condition among people over the age of 65. Depending on the intensity of the disease, a person may experience mild, moderate or severe symptoms. Alzheimer’s disease may start with minor invisible symptoms such as forgetting names, events, phone numbers, etc. It is a progressive disease, and over some time, one may experience extreme symptoms such as difficulty in swallowing or breathing, etc. This is because neurons that used to carry out functions in the body previously start to degenerate rapidly. With proper care and appropriate medications, this neurological disease can be treated. Talk to a neurologist online if you need guidance for this disorder.  

  • Migraine 

Migraine headache is one of the most common neurological conditions. It is a recurrent headache, usually affecting just one side of the brain, and is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and light sensitivity.  The impact of a migraine headache can last for several days, thus impairing the person’s ability to perform and carry out the daily tasks. Migraine can take place in several stages- prodrome, aura, attack and postdrome.  Hormonal changes, stress, anxiety, changes in the environment such as loud noise, strong smells, bright lights, etc., can trigger a migraine. While there is no cure for migraine, with the help of certain medications, the frequency and severity of migraine headaches can be reduced. If you suffer from this condition, you should consult a neurologist. They will give you the proper treatment for migraines

  • Stroke 

Strokes are yet another most common neurological disorders. Strokes are life-threatening conditions that can happen to anyone. Strokes occur when the vital flow of blood and oxygen supply is cut off from a part of the brain, causing it to break down and stop functioning. A stroke needs immediate medical attention. Otherwise, it can be fatal or cause a haemorrhage in the brain or permanent disability. One should immediately call for help and get the required medical attention that the patient needs to help the person having a stroke. Special care needs to be taken of the patient as a stroke can have a considerable impact and shock. Can a neck message cause stroke? is an often asked question. Generally, craniotomy is one of the most common neurosurgery procedures used to treat strokes. 

  • Epilepsy 

Very often, epilepsy and seizures are the two most common neurological terms that are used interchangeably. Epilepsy is a chronic condition where one has recurrent seizures. The nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, thus causing frequent outbursts of electrical energy. It is common among children and older adults. Epileptic people often have recurring seizures, which can cause harm to them. These seizures are, as we know, broadly of two types - focal and generalised. Epilepsy seizures can be different for different people. There are several reasons why a seizure can be triggered. While some people can live on their own and manage their seizures by themselves, others, on the other hand, may need a lot of care and attention. 

  • Parkinson’s disease 

Parkinson’s is yet another progressive neurological disorder. Here, the part of the brain responsible for movement is affected. The onset of this disease usually starts when the person is in their 60s. Some of the common symptoms are trembling hands,  slow movements, stiffness in hands, legs, etc. The problems with balancing, low volume speech, reduced swinging of the arms while walking, etc., genetic factors or environmental factors can cause Parkinson’s disease. Your doctor may prescribe a few medications and a few exercises and lifestyle modifications to reverse this disease’s effects. For treatment, consult the top neurophysician in Patna. He is also the top neurologist doctor in Jaipur, a brain specialist doctor in Faridabad, mind doctor in Delhi, best neurologist in South Delhi, Best neurologist in Saket, a top neurologist in Gwalior or neurologist doctor in Gwalior. 

  • Multiple sclerosis 

Multiple sclerosis is a long term disorder affecting the central nervous system that affects the brain, the spinal cord and the optic nerves. In this disease, the immune systems attack the protective layer (myelin) covering the nerves. Multiple sclerosis causes inflammation and lesions, making it difficult for the brain to send signals to the body. Loss of vision, pain, fatigue and impaired coordination are some of the symptoms of Multiple sclerosis. The exact cause of this disorder is unknown; however, according to several types of research, toxins and virus can be one of the causes of this disease. Treatment usually focuses on physiotherapy and slowing the progression of the disease.

Apart from these, Bell’s palsy, Third nerve palsy, Fourth nerve palsy, Sixth nerve palsy are some of the most common neurological disorders of cranial nerves. Neurological disorders are challenging to deal with. However, with proper treatment and friends and family, one can cope with neurological disorders.

 


Epilepsy vs Seizure

Often epilepsy and seizures are mistaken and used interchangeably by people. This is where the confusion arises as both epilepsy and seizures are neurological disorders with somewhat similar characteristics. However, in reality, there’s a lot of difference between epilepsy and seizures. 

To know epilepsy and seizure differences, one must know what exactly they both are? Here’s everything one needs to know about epilepsy- 

What is a seizure?   

A seizure is a sudden, abrupt change in the electrical activity of your brain. Seizures generally fall under two major categories- focal onset seizures and generalised onset seizures - 

  • Focal onset seizures- These seizures at the first start in the brain and later spread to other parts of the body. A person may experience sudden movement or twitching, which is out of their control. They might zone out or not remember anything after the seizure. Some of the symptoms of focal onset seizures are - loss of consciousness, change in behaviour and movements, etc.  
  • Generalised seizures -These seizures affect multiple parts of the brain at the same time. People are barely aware of what’s happening around them. These can be dangerous and frightening to witness. Some of the symptoms of generalised seizures are - sudden blinking or twitching of the eye, stiffening of the limbs, body jerking, etc. 

Most of the time, seizures are noticeable, and you can make out if a person has a seizure. However, sometimes, it may escape your eye. Here are some symptoms that a person is having a seizure- 

  • Uncontrollable muscles spasms
  • Drooling
  • Uncontrolled bowels or bladder 
  • Biting of tongue or clenching of teeth 
  • Loss of consciousness 
  • Jerky movements of the arms and legs 
  • Having blurred vision
  • Dropping things, falling on ground/fainting 

Anything that interrupts the connection of nerve cells in the brain can lead to a seizure. Thus, almost all people are at risk of having a seizure. However, a single seizure doesn’t mean you have epilepsy or a seizure disorder. 

A seizure disorder refers to having frequent episodes of unprovoked seizures. Unprovoked seizures are caused out of the blue, unlike provoked seizures triggered by events such as a stroke, traumatic brain injury, etc. Several factors can increase the risk of you having a seizure. Having a brain injury or infection in the past, severe Alzheimer’s disease, exposure to toxic substances such as alcohol, smoking, drugs, etc., having a brain tumour, frequent strokes, etc. are some of the risk factors that may lead to the debilitating condition of seizures or seizure disorder. 

What is epilepsy? 

Epilepsy is a chronic condition where one has recurrent seizures. The nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, thus causing frequent outbursts of electrical energy. It is common among children and older adults. Epileptic people often have recurring seizures, which can cause harm to them. These seizures are, as we know, broadly of two types - focal and generalised. They have further divided as-.  

  • Focal seizures-  
  1. Simple partial seizures    
  2. Complex partial seizure 
  • Generalised seizures-  
  1. Absence seizure
  2. Tonic seizures 
  3. Atonic seizures
  4. Clonic seizures 
  5. Myoclonic seizures 
  6. Tonic-clonic seizures

Epilepsy can also lead to convulsions. There is a very thin line between epilepsy, seizure and convulsions. While epilepsy is a seizure disorder, a convulsion is a type of seizure, which may result from a medical condition. Many a time, epilepsy may involve having convulsions.

Caring for a person with epilepsy can be difficult as the person is at constant risk of hurting themselves because of the sudden epilepsy attacks.  Here is everything you need to know how to support someone with epilepsy -  

Firstly, attention must be paid to the seizure treatment of the epileptic person. A doctor may suggest epilepsy sedative such as anti-epileptic drugs to reduce the seizures. The doctor may also prescribe other medication, depending upon the type and intensity of epilepsy, which will help the patient recover soon. Consult the best neurosurgeon in Jaipur to attain the best treatment for epilepsy.  

Attention must also be paid to the diet of the patient. Generally, a keto-diet is deemed beneficial for a person suffering from epilepsy disease. Often, people with epilepsy may resort to alcohol and drugs, which must be strictly avoided. 

Seizures are an important characteristic of epilepsy. Thus, a caretaker must always be ready with a first aid box and tool kit in order to handle the seizure. They must also observe and keep a record of when a seizure occurs and what is their frequency. In order to get someone to overcome their seizure, the caretaker should know how to help them relieve their stress and anxiety. Teaching them relaxing techniques will help them soothe themselves and calm them down. Stress is one of the reasons for seizures. By learning relaxing techniques such as meditation or yoga, you can ease out the anxiety. 

Thus, both seizures and epilepsy are different. However, one must never overlook a seizure, as it could be the onset of epilepsy. Both seizures and epilepsy are critical conditions and need to be taken care of. With the love and support of close ones, one can overcome these neurological disorders. 

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